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The stock market is afraid again. Here’s what that means for your investments

It’s been a wobbly week on Wall Street and CNN Business’ Fear and Greed Index is flashing “Fear.”

The stock market is in a weird place. It has fallen in most of the trading sessions this month. The S&P 500 (SPX), which is the broadest measure of the US stock market, only has four higher closes this month, and one of those was more or less flat. Meanwhile, the Fear & Greed Index is sitting at 35, which signals fear. Friday was yet another day of losses. The Dow (INDU) ended down 0.5%, or 166 points, while the S&P 500 (SPX) and the Nasdaq Composite (COMP) both closed 0.9% lower.

Clearly investors are a bit rattled. Yet looking at the big picture, stocks are still near record highs. The S&P 500 is just about 2% below its all-time peak. So what’s going on? Investors are in a holding pattern. Many expected the Federal Reserve to be ready to announce a rollback of its emergency stimulus next week. But after a disappointing August jobs report, that seems less likely. The Fed’s two mandates are price stability and maximum employment. And with the shortfall in job growth last month, the latter just isn’t a given yet.

Meanwhile, inflation also appears to be taking a breather: Consumer price inflation came off its 13-year high in August, according to data released earlier this week. And while the Delta variant is weighing on job growth, other economic indicators have been doing just fine: Retail sales were better than expected this week, rising rather than falling. Along with the slower increase in prices, these are good signs for consumer spending — which is the backbone of the US economy — and could mean better marks for economic activity in the second half of the year. Consumer sentiment is improving again after falling off a cliff in August over Delta worries, according to preliminary data from the University of Michigan released Friday. “The steep August falloff in consumer sentiment ended in early September, but the small gain still meant that consumers expected the least favorable economic prospects in more than a decade,” said Richard Curtin, chief economist at the Surveys of Consumers.